Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Essay about How We Survived Communism and Even Laughed

How We Survived Communism and Even Laughed, written by Croatian author Slavenka Drakulic, details the daily lives of people living under communist rule. She recalls a multitude of personal experiences she has had growing up under a communist regime, and the transition from communism to democracy in the late 1980s. Drakulic seems to have a general dislike for the way the communist government treats its people, and strives to relate these feelings to the reader. She opens her book with a passage about a friend of hers who killed herself by asphyxiating on gas fumes from her oven. Shortly before that she had written an article comparing the ideology of the communist state to that of a pinball machine, Her article, naà ¯ve as it seems today,†¦show more content†¦The most striking economic shortage detailed in the book is that of toilet paper. When toilet paper, a basic part of everyday life in the United States, is considered a luxury item, you know a problem exists. Drakulic s tates, Progress in communism was marked by better and better quality toilet paper. (Drakulic 72) Families were forced to use newspaper as toilet paper, revealing the resourcefulness that the people were reduced to just to survive. Finding an apartment for your family was incredibly hard, with waiting lists of up to three years for a small two-room apartment. Most people had to live with their mothers no matter what how old they were, I have trouble recalling younger people or people of my generation who dont liveÂ…with their parents, even if they are past forty. (Drakulic 86) Communism was on a downward slope, and it would not be long until democracy appeared in Eastern Europe. Although communism officially ended when the democratically elected presidents took power, there was little immediate change in policy or the peoples general attitude toward the government. A major change, which would seem like a simple thing in any free society, was the institution of a yellow line in the post office that gave the citizens a sense of privacy that they had never experienced before. The former communist government had their eyes on everyone, and the idea of a private life was laughable. Even with the newly created post officeShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of The Book How We Survived Communism And Even Laughed 1190 Words   |  5 PagesSlavenka Drakulic, a highly respected journalist and commentator on culture in Croatia, published the book How We Survived Communism and Even Laughed in 1991, which was a collection of essays that comprised of the stories of many women’s lives throughout Eastern Europe that lived in a communist society. Drakulic wanted to capture wome n’s stories and share them with others, because these were women who suffered from carried the biggest burden of life, living at the bottom tier of their society. AsRead MoreEssay on Cold War Book Review670 Words   |  3 Pagesfull understanding of the effects of such government. Slavenka Drakulic produced How We Survived Communism and Even Laughed, an appealing work with this fresh social approach. This nonfiction work combines the authoramp;#8217;s own recollections with the stories of other women of the Eastern Bloc. Drakulic, a renowned journalist and writer, utilizes her keen eye for detail and truth in this quest that shows how communism has devastating effects on the common citizen. She provides insight into the conditionsRead MoreWomen s Rights Of Women1149 Words   |  5 PagesOurika by Claire de Duras, How We Survived Communism Even Laughed by Slavenka Drakulic, and Things Fell Apart by Chinua Achebe, the reader can see that the characters in these stories who are women are seen as minority, people judged by society, people who do not deserve the same rights as men, and they are seen as minority compared to anyone else. Women have fought for the rights ever since, women have shown how powerful and fearless they can be. In today’s society even though is not as closed asRead MoreWorld War I And The World Essay904 Words   |  4 Pagesbecoming engulfed into communism. For Eastern Europe, property just changed hands from Nazi domination to Communist domination in a blink of an eye, w ith no input for those who lived in the countries affected. Creating a separation from the outside world, Eastern Europe existed separate from the rest of the world which advanced and changed due to industry and advancements. In Slavenka Drakulic’s book, How We Survived Communism and Even Laughed, she explores how communism affected daily life forRead MoreA View from the Bridge: Story of a Brooklyn Longshoreman6101 Words   |  25 Pagesprovides a convenient outline or a bounding set of markers guiding the search through the historical context of A View from the Bridge, as well as the personal and cultural influences at work on him. But before examining the details of Miller’s life, we should zoom out to a larger view of this period and the currents leading into the 1950’s to root our understanding in a broader context. The economic depression of the 1930’s had a profound effect on Miller as he has intimated in his autobiographyRead MoreLangston Hughes Research Paper25309 Words   |  102 Pagesattend Columbia University in New York City. Langston wanted to go there, too, but he had received no offers of a scholarship and had no money for tuition. The only person who could help him was his father. Langston decided to appeal to Jim Hughes, even though it meant enduring his mothers anger and submitting, once again, to his fathers harsh life in Mexico. In 1920, Langston visited his father in Toluca, Mexico. (Library of Congress) En route to Mexico, as the train crossed a bridge overRead MoreExploring Corporate Strategy - Case164366 Words   |  658 Pages22/10/2007 11:54 Page 599 Guide to using the case studies The main text of this book includes 87 short illustrations and 15 case examples which have been chosen to enlarge speciï ¬ c issues in the text and/or provide practical examples of how business and public sector organisations are managing strategic issues. The case studies which follow allow the reader to extend this linking of theory and practice further by analysing the strategic issues of speciï ¬ c organisations in much greater depth

Friday, May 15, 2020

Poppin The Musical - 634 Words

Pippin is a Tony-Award winning musical that captures the eyes of anyone who has the chance to see the show. It is a show like no other with tricks, stunts, and an overall show that keeps you on the edge of your seat. The music is intriguing and mystifying. Stephen Schwartz wrote the music and lyrics while the book is by Roger O. Hirson. Bob Fosse who is a legacy in the musical theatre world was the original Broadway production director. Fosse also contributed to the libretto. The original Broadway cast had John Rubinstein as Pippin, Ben Vereen as leading player, Christopher Chadman as Leading Player, Eric Berry as Charles, Jill Clayburgh as Catherine, Leland Palmer as Fastrada, and Irene Ryan as Berthe until her stroke in 1973 that led to her death six weeks later in Santa Monica The original songs in the musical include Magic to Do, Corner of the Sky, Welcome Home, War is a Science, Glory, Simple Joys, No Time at All, With You, Spread a Little Sunshine, Morning Glow, On the Right Track, And There He Was, Kind of Woman, Extraordinary, Prayer for a Duck, Love Song, I Guess I’ll Miss the Man, and Finale. These are the songs Schwartz designed to be catchy, different, and exciting. Pippin is the story of the French Prince Pippin, son of Charlemagne. The show begins with the Leading Player and the other players inviting the audience to watch their â€Å"Magic† as they help to tell the story. Next they introduce Pippin as a young man just out of a university. He tells us how he isShow MoreRelatedFeminism Is One Of The Most Important Social Themes1204 Words   |  5 Pages As much as I enjoy musicals, most songs are about men, either women singing about men and how they desire a man or haw men have done them wrong, or men singing them. Where are, the songs belted out by the ladies for the ladies? That’s where feminism comes into play. Feminism is one of the most important social themes. Feminism is a range of social movements, and political movements that share a common goal, to achieve, establish, and define personal, economic, political, and social rights for womenRead MoreIs Broadway Dying? Essay1672 Words   |  7 Pagesmerchandise. It also doesn’t include millions of dollars in tourism revenue that was generated by the industry. The On Broadway website classifies shows into three different general categories. These categories are play, musical and musical revue. Of these three, â€Å"the Broadway musical is commonly considered one of the few truly American art forms† (Simonoff). If Broadway were dying, would Disney and other entertainment companies become active as investors and theater producers? Let’s look atRead MoreComputerized Technology Influenced The Stage And Lighting Design Of Theatre1879 Words   |  8 PagesQuestion: To what extent has the advancement of computerized technology influenced the stage and lighting design of theatre Introduction: Theatre has come a long way from when it first started with regard to the set designs of the plays and musicals. When the sets were first designed the props would either stay on the stage as a permanent structure the whole time or you needed to have the stage crew come out and move the props and scenery. Now with the advancement of technology you can programRead MoreAn Analysis Of Andrew Lloyd Webber s An Broadway Producer That Is A Part Of A Publicly Traded Company928 Words   |  4 Pagesother producers. For example, the next Broadway musical being produced by James L. Nederlander, Get on Your Feet, is being produced in partnership with Estefan Enterprises Inc. and the upcoming School of Rock is a joint venture between the Nederlander Organization, the Shubert Organization, and Really Useful Group among others (www.ibdb.com). There has only been one instance where DTP has produced a Broadway musical with a partner, and that was Mary Poppins which was produced with Cameron McInto sh becauseRead MoreWalt Disney : The Man Behind These Characters, And The Creation Of One Of The World1039 Words   |  5 PagesIN THE 1940’S A NEW STUDIO WAS BUILT AND SUCH DISNEY ANIMATED CLASSICS AS BAMBI, PINOCCHIO, FANTASIA, AND DUMBO WERE RELEASED. IN THE 1950’S LIVE ACTION FILMS SUCH AS TREASURE ISLAND WERE RELEASED. IN 1964, A MUSICAL CALLED MARY POPPINS WAS RELEASED. IT HAS BEEN SAID THAT MARY POPPINS IS WALT’S MASTERPIECE AND IT WAS HIS LAST MAJOR SUCCESS THAT HE PRODUCED HIMSELF. ACCORDING TO TIME PEOPLE, WALT DISNEY RECEIVED MORE ACADEMY AWARDS AND NOMINATIONS THAN ANY OTHER PERSON IN HISTORY. HE WON 22 ACADEMYRead More1960s Cinema And Its Impact On Cinema1236 Words   |  5 Pagesreflected the good and the bad of the decade. 1960s cinema influenced many of the films we have today. 1960s cinema brought attention to movie musicals, which were movies that had many song and dance numbers along with dialogue and blocking. Three of the biggest hits of the decade were movie musicals. Some of the decade’s biggest hits, including the movie musicals, are still popular today. In the 1960s, there were many popular movies, both in theaters and on television, which were produced with moneyRead MoreJulie Andrews2334 Words   |  10 Pagesperformance, September 30, 1954. Her name was put in lights above the title. Later came the musicals My Fair Lady (1956), and Camelot (1960). It was during a performance of Camelot that Walt Disney came to see her perform, shortly after acquiring the rights to make a movie out of the popular books on Mary Poppins. After hearing Julie whistle during a song, he was sold on the idea of her becoming Mary Poppins. He even offered employment to her new husband, Tony Walton as a costume designer. AfterRead MoreMy Own Definition Of Art1124 Words   |  5 PagesPeople have appreciated numerous forms of art over many decades and continue to analyze what art is and how the aesthetics of it affect viewers. Audiences have gathered to â€Å"ooh† and â€Å"ahh† at art galleries, musicals, play and ballet performances, and concerts. In fact people even travel long distances to view world-renowned tourist sites, such as the Sistine Chapel. There are billions of creations and events that are considered art whether that art is valued by a large audience or the artist aloneRead MoreControversies with the Walt Dinsey Company1471 Words   |  6 Pagesmost famous trademarks. In October of 1949, Disney Music was created and six years later on July 17th of 1955, the first Disney Park, Disneyland in Anaheim California, opened its doors. Following this, television show Mickey Mouse Club, and Mary Poppins premiered. Sixteen years later, Disney World Resort in Orlando, Florida opened. At this point, both Walt and Roy O. Disney had passed, and the company became known as â€Å"The Walt Disney Company†. By the 1980’s, business was booming and globalizationRead More Local School Case Study932 Words   |  4 Pagesfirst steps are always large and be worked down to common sized lines over time. They have developed a song and movement based activity to work on helping kids remember basic math and spelling of letters. Physical education, playground, some of the musical activities are all used to work on coordination and gross motor skills. Many clever songs are sung at various points to teach the children basic education concepts. There are also attention grabbing phrases and gestures to gain focus of the class

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Stanford Prison Experiment Essay - 1150 Words

When put into an authoritative position over others, is it possible to claim that with this new power individual(s) would be fair and ethical or could it be said that ones true colors would show? A group of researchers, headed by Stanford University psychologist Philip G. Zimbardo, designed and executed an unusual experiment that used a mock prison setting, with college students role-playing either as prisoners or guards to test the power of the social situation to determine psychological effects and behavior (1971). The experiment simulated a real life scenario of William Golding’s novel, â€Å"Lord of the Flies† showing a decay and failure of traditional rules and morals; distracting exactly how people should behave toward one another. This†¦show more content†¦To ensure to have satisfactory results in his study, Zimbardo required some preconditions. One of which was the period of time for the experiment to be conducted. He believed that one-to-two weeks woul d be essential in â€Å"providing our research participants with sufficient time for them to become fully engaged in their experimentally assigned roles of either guards or prisoners. Having [our] participants live in that setting day and night, if prisoners, or work for long eight-hour shifts, if guards, would also allow sufficient time for situational norms to develop and patters of social interaction to emerge, change and become crystallized† (Zimbardo, 2013). Other preconditions he had were the mentalities of his volunteers; are they â€Å"normal,† healthy mentally and physically, are they without any prior history of conviction or drug usage? Some other preconditions were to make the experimental setting bear a resemblance as closely to a functional simulation of the psychology of imprisonment as humanly possible. He also wanted to make sure that there was the absence of any earlier indoctrination in how to play the randomly assigned roles; to leave that up to eac h participant’s prior societal teachings of the meaning of prisons and the behavioral scripts associated with the oppositional roles (Zambardo, 2005). Although he had a significantly large abundanceShow MoreRelatedA Experiment On Stanford Prison Experiment984 Words   |  4 PagesStanford Prison Experiment was a study that was conducted to determine the psychology of imprisonment. It was a simulation experiment that was carried out at Stanford University, Stanford, Calif. This has been dubbed as the classical psychological experiment regarding prisoners and even explains the prisoner abuse that was meted to the poor Muslim prisoners at Abu Ghraib Prison in Cuba. The research questions were to know whether evil prevailed over humanity or whether humanity was suppressed byRead MoreThe Stanford Prison Experiment1006 Words   |  5 PagesCharlie Parrish Mrs. Gumina English III, Hr. 4 18 March 2015 Introduction The Stanford Prison experiment was conducted in 1971, during the summer, at Stanford University. The mastermind behind the experiment was Philip G. Zimbardo, a psychologist and a professor at Stanford University. To help closely simulate a prison environment they called upon an expert. â€Å"Our study of prison life began, then, with an average group of healthy, intelligent, middle class males† (Zimbardo 4). With this group ofRead MoreThe Stanford Prison Experiment : A Experiment890 Words   |  4 PagesThe Stanford Prison Experiment has been one of great controversy since it took place in 1971. Originally established to observe and record the psychological effects the criminal justice system has on prisoners and guards, the experiment went awry due to the neglect of Zimbardo, the scientist holding the experiment. The Stanford Prison Experiment or SPE consisted of 18 students and 6 alternatives recreating regular prison life by being randomly assigned the roles of prisoner a nd guard. Due to hisRead MoreStanford Prison Experiment : Stanford Jail Experiment Essay714 Words   |  3 PagesNathan Mariano Estepa September 13, 2015 Stanford Prison Experiment Zimbardo decided to run an experiment where he would turn a basement under the Stanford campus into a mock prison where he would interview several participants where they would randomly get assigned either guard, or prisoner. Zimbardo aimed to see how everyone pertained the roles they were placed in. Interviewing 75 potential participants, Zimbardo only chose 24 male college students which they received payments of $15/day. TheyRead MoreThe Stanford Prison Experiments1627 Words   |  7 PagesMollie Herrick Professor Ronnfeldt WRC 1013, 0B2 September 26, 2014 The Stanford Prison Experiments The Stanford Prison Experiments, which happened over forty years ago, showed how power, and being powerless, would change and affect a person to do things they wouldn’t normally do. The experiment was started to show what being in the situation of prison would do to a person psychologically. â€Å"I wanted to know who wins -- good people or an evil situation -- when they were brought into direct confrontation†(ZimbardoRead MoreThe Stanford Prison Experiment1658 Words   |  7 Pagesimportant issues today. The Stanford Prison Experiment, conducted over 40 years ago, brought these ethical issues into the limelight and remains one of the most controversial studies in the history of studying human behavior. This paper aims to define ethics, describe risk/benefit ratio, provide a brief background on the Stanford Prison Experiment, and evaluate the impact it has had on psychological research. â€Æ' The Stanford Prison Experiment The Stanford Prison Experiment probably tops a lot of listsRead MoreStanford Prison Experiment905 Words   |  4 PagesThe Stanford Prison Experiment California State University, Long Beach The Stanford Prison Experiment The Stanford Prison Experiment is a very thought-provoking topic discussed in various classes. Professor and psychologist Philip Zimbardo conducted this experiment through Stanford University. Twenty-four men were randomly selected to participate in a simulated prison environment and were given roles as prisoners or prison guards. This was done to challenge the moral compass of â€Å"good† individualsRead MoreThe Stanford Prison Experiment1902 Words   |  8 PagesThe Stanford prison experiment was conducted at Stanford University on August 14th through August 20th in 1971, by a team of researchers headed by psychology professor Philip Zimbardo. This experiment used college students and was funded by the U.S. Office of Naval Research. The U.S. Navy and Marine Corps were both very interested in this particular experiment due to the many violent outbreaks and conflicts between military guards and prisoners. In 2010 Hollywood produced a movie on the events ofRead MoreThe Stanfor d Prison Experiment At Stanford University1239 Words   |  5 Pagesstudent at Stanford University in California. Like most college kids, you are strapped for cash, so you begin to seek a part time job. You see an ad for a psychology study that pays $15 per day posted in the local newspaper, and decide to submit an application. Little do you know at the time, that the study you are applying for will become known worldwide and create such an impact that it remains relevant over 44 years later. This infamous study is known today as the Stanford Prison Experiment. The experimentRead MoreThe Stanford Prison Experiment : Stanford University1697 Words   |  7 PagesThe Stanford Prison Experiment On the morning of August 17, 1971, ten men were arrested from their homes in the Palo Alto area, each with charges of burglary and theft. They were taken to the local police station where they were booked, fingerprinted, blindfolded, and transported to the Stanford Prison - also known as the Psychology department at Stanford University. Not even Philip Zimbardo, the psychologist behind the experiment that would shape the field of psychology for years to come, could

Ethics And Unethical Business Practices - 860 Words

In the past 20 years business failures, corporate scandals, and unethical CEO’s have been in the news on a constant basis. Enron, Worldcom, Hollinger International, Tyco, and Yahoo! suffered losses as a result of unethical business practices. Key factors, such as, productivity, retention of talented employees, business credibility, and legal issues decide whether a business will be successes or unsuccessful. The organization and its employee’s ethics, direct these factors to either increase or decrease. Moral business practices are activities performed and demeanors held by a business and its workers that are considered professionally and ethically capable. These practices advance the objectives of the organization without jeopardizing the benefit of every one of its employees, clients, and even competitors. Ethical practices do not guarantee success, but without them failure is assured. Corporate executives and business owners need to realize that there can be no comp romise when it comes to ethics, and there are no easy shortcuts to success. Ethics need to be carefully sown into the fabric of their companies. Research suggests successful businesses must adhere to ethical practices because they increase productivity, promote employee retention, support credibility, and avoid legal issues. What practices affect productivity? Engagement directly affects employee productivity. Engagement is a management approach created to ensure that employees are committedShow MoreRelatedThe Ethics Of An Unethical Business Practice1370 Words   |  6 Pagesof an unethical business practice can only come forth if the head of the entity decides to turn a blind eye to what is happening within the organization. Dependent on the ethical stance of those leading the company, the concern for social responsibility will or will not be sizable. Ethical Theories. In accordance to the ethical theories that are known to society Pharmacare’s actions can be gauged on an ethical scale. The theories range from Utilitarianism, Deontology, Virtue ethics, and Ethics of careRead MoreThe Evolution Of Business Ethics852 Words   |  4 PagesThe Evolution of Business Ethics Tim Bowles OMM-640 Business Ethics and Social Responsibility Dr. Andree Swanson May 17, 2015 Abstract Just as individuals differ, so do their ethical concepts and value arrangements. Personal guidelines or policies for everyday ethical conduct. Like all policies, a code of ethics must be capable of being enforced. Just as if people, corporations and businesses too, have their ethical concepts, systematic science, and a business philosophy they must followRead MoreEthics, Corporate Social Responsibility And Fiduciary Responsibilities Essay1695 Words   |  7 Pagesleadership in business† (Archbishop of Wales calls for ethical business). It is probably the case that all businesses should sign the oath, this gives consumers to show that they are dedicated to being an ethical business. There are numerous of old businesses that can steer the new business in an unethical direction in this field. By adapting business ethic terms and look for examples in the business fields that have an ethical or unethical reputation, this will give the opportunity for the business leadersRead Mo reWhat Is Business Ethics?1294 Words   |  6 PagesMIS 6308 – Assignment: Business Ethics Essay (50 points) What is business ethics? Business ethics can be understood as codes that define the actions and behavior of the employees in an institution. Standards are set by every company to define what is accepted as ‘Right’ and each employee is expected to abide by these standards. For a business to run successfully it is important to abide by the set of standards that are defined. Companies around the world observe these ethical principles strictly;Read MoreUnethical Behavior And Ethical Behavior1519 Words   |  7 PagesUnethical behaviour and ethical behaviour are two factors that are found to be very different around the world. Ethical behaviour can be seen to come from an an individual with a high morality and proper conduct. Unethical behavior, defined as behaviour that violates generally accepted moral norms (Jones, 1991) can usually come from an individual that does not abide by the rules of morality. The professional world is where ethical and unethical behaviour is a constant topic. The profess ional worldRead MoreEthics in International Business842 Words   |  3 PagesEthics is an incredibly important aspect of domestic business. Companies and their employees need to be mindful of their decisions and actions, and how they affect others. But when business is taken to the international and global level, being conscious of ethics becomes absolutely vital. In order to be successful long-term, ethical practices must be followed, as well as having a level of social responsibility. Companies or individuals who do not have a laid-out, defined set of values may findRead MoreDifferences Between Ethical And Unethical Business Activity956 Words   |  4 Pagesethical and unethical business activity Ethical Behavior In recent years big corporations have discovered the significance of the corporate social responsibility issue. They have increasingly made sustainability declarations or advertised ethical codes, which then they are expected to abide by. (Law Business Ethics Research Initiative.) Keith Miller the author of Is Ethical Behavior Good for Business has found that ethical behavior is good for business. His research found that ethical business behaviorRead MoreEthics And Ethics Of Business Ethics1304 Words   |  6 PagesBusiness Ethics Varun Shah University of Texas at Dallas Business Ethics Morals are a crucial part of life. Without having principles one would never be able to distinguish the right from wrong and good from evil. Just as it applies to life in general, ethics is an integral part of doing business as well. When we here the term Business Ethics in our work place, we usually do not take it seriously and brush it off saying ‘it’s just a simple set of basic rules like not cheating and so on’. ThisRead MoreSituations Leading to Unethical Practices and Behavior in Accounting810 Words   |  3 PagesAccounting Situations that might lead to unethical practices and behavior in accounting There are a number of reasons which can lead to unethical behavior and practices in accounting. Unethical behavior and practices in accounting refers to when a person contravenes the rules that are designed to make sure that morality and fairness is taken into consideration in the accounting procedures of a company. A violation of these rules is what termed as unethical and should not be tolerated in any companyRead MoreWeek 2 Essay747 Words   |  3 Pagesï » ¿ Business Research Ethics William Holloway January 8, 2014 Rosa Osuoha, Ph.D Business Research Ethics Consumers in today’s society are careful about how and when to invest his or her money in today’s ever changing economy. Organizations around the world are penalized for failing to follow the new laws or sanctioned by the security exchange commission. The precautions are put in place to help protect the organizations shareholders and investors.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  One

Situation Analysis of Learn and Develop Child Care Services in Canberr

Question: Discuss about theSituation Analysis of Learn and Develop Child Care Services in Canberra. Answer: Introduction Situation Analysis is a method used by the managers to analyze the internal and external business environment of the organization for the purpose of forming and implementing appropriate strategies which in turn help in gaining competitive advantage. Situation analysis also facilitates in gaining information related to the target market, competitors and customers tastes and preferences in order to gain information related to their buying behavior. In this approach several methods are used for the purpose of maintaining strong relationships with customers by providing information related to the benefits of the products to them (Zimmerman Blythe, 2013). This paper provides information related to PEST analysis, competitors analysis and target market for Learn and Develop child care center in Canberra. Situation Analysis Industry Overview The child care services in Australia have gained total revenue of $7.3 billion in the year 2011 there is an annual growth of 4.7% till 2016. There are approximately 15265 businesses running in the industry that provides child care services to different customers (IBIS World, 2011). There is a presence of low revenue volatility. The industry is at the mature stage in the life cycle. There is a presence of medium entry barriers with high regulation level in the industry. There is a requirement of low capital to establish a business in the industry. The government regulations have increased wage pressure in the industry. The reason behind increase in the wages is the requirement of high level of staff qualifications and higher staff to child ratios. Factors of Uncontrollable Environment PEST Analysis Political Factors The child care services industry is heavily dependent on the government funding. Government encourages women to go to their work by placing their children in care. Government encourages family to use child care services which results in the attainment of the saturation point in the industry. This leads to the increase in the unwillingness of the companies to enter in the industry through acquisitions. Besides this, the existing players are also remaining cautious to expand their businesses as the companies are unable to obtain economies of scale in the industry (OECD, 2010). Economic Factors During 2008-2009 the child care services in Australia has not gained economic benefits due to different international economic fears such as recession. There is an increased part time employment in the industry as companies focuses on cutting the cost without decreasing the number of employees in the organization. Besides this, it also helped parents to provide required time that can be spent with their children. Losing of the jobs resulted in an increase in the inability of the parents to pay for the child care services to care their children. There is an increase in the unemployment level in the country in the year 2010 (IBIS World, 2011). This has resulted in the decline in the number of childcare centers in the country (Banbridge, 2013). Households that have high disposable income can afford the services provided by the child care services centers. The demand for work related child care is affected by the availability of the paid workers in the economy. The changes occurred in th e population of dependent children under the age of 12 years and under the age of 5 years affect the demand, occupancy and profitability of the child care services centers in the country (Connect, 2015). Social factors The child care services are availed by the parents of the children aged below 14 years. There is a occurrence of changes occurred in the tastes and preferences of the customers due to which the company has to made changes in their services offered to the customers. It is essential for the child care centers to take care of the daily activities pursued by the children in a whole day. This has affected the overall satisfaction level of the parents in the country that avail the services of the child care centers in the country (Smith, et al. 2012). Technological factors Nowadays, changes have been occurred in the technology, it is essential for the businesses to implement new technologies in order to provide high quality services and products that fulfill the demands of the customers. This also helps businesses to reduce the overall cost and increase their profits by attaining high level of customer satisfaction. Nowadays, digital technologies have become an integral part of daily lives of the children. Nowadays, children uses computer and other digital technologies for the purpose of learning new concepts due to which child care professionals provide information related to the use of technologies to children in order to make their life comfortable (Marrison, 2009). Competitor Analysis There is a presence of monopolistic competition in the market. There is a presence of low level of barriers to entry due to which new entrants can easily enter into the market. The major competitors for the child care service in Canberra are Good Start and ABC Learning with a market share of 7.1% and 30%. They are similar to the Learn and Develop child care services in Canberra as it uses high technology that can be used by children aged below 14 years to learn new concepts. Companies gain competitive advantage by the way of price competition as a differentiation strategy. The other main players in the market are G8 education, Affinity Group, YMCA Australia and Guardian Learning. There is an occurrence of consolidation of the ABC Learning centers with ABC that have 1000 childcare centers in Australia (IBIS World 2011). The learn and develop child care services has a competitive advantage of access to skilled labor by attaining government subsidy in Canberra. Besides this, it also has been established in the city of Canberra in Australia. There is a huge demand of child care services in Canberra which is easily affordable by the parents of children with 14 years age group (New Cochran, 2007). Customer Analysis The target market for the company is the children below the age group of 14 years. It facilitates in providing them the knowledge regarding their curriculum by the use of new technology. In this, child care service centre, the professionals focuses on the caring provided to the children and helps them to resolve their queries. For the purpose of segmentation of the market demographic basis is used. The company focuses on the children below the age group of 14 years. The professionals teach them to do their daily routine activities to the children below the age group of 5 years (Lamb, 2014). They provide speech therapy to them so that they can easily share their views and opinions with other children and create a social circle at the center. The different services provided to the children at the center include family day care, vacation care, long day care and other school care. Such services help in the successful development of the children at the individual level. These services fac ilitate in the overall development of the children and help them to become independent in the life (Arnhem, 2015). Conclusion It can be concluded that the major competitors of the Learn and Develop child care services are Good start and ABC. These are the direct competitors of the company. Besides this, the target market includes children below the age group of 14 years in the company. The company has skilled labor and uses subsidies provided by the government in order to provide superior quality services to its target market or existing customers. References Arnhem. 2015. Childcare in Australia. Retrieved April 7 2017 from https://docfinder.is.bnpparibas-ip.com/api/files/CDBFEFEC-0377-4DDD-AE6D-4D9F31367545 Banbridge, A. 2013. Childcare industry facing staff shortages as Government pushes ahead with ambitious targets. Retrieved April 7 2017 from https://www.abc.net.au/news/2013-07-22/childcare-centre-hires-overseas-workers-to-fill-gap/4833888 Connect. 2015. Child Care Services Industry Report. Retrieved April 7 2017 from https://www.google.co.uk/url?sa=trct=jq=esrc=ssource=webcd=3cad=rjauact=8sqi=2ved=0ahUKEwjsqMOH3pLTAhVEto8KHRWMAyAQFghDMAIurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.bankwest.com.au%2Fcs%2FContentServer%3Fpagename%3DFoundation%2FCS%2FBlob%2FDocument%26id%3D1292539844513%26ext%3D.pdfusg=AFQjCNElAzCIatEuHt4rP5Hr7jH0DXDk5Qbvm=bv.152174688,d.c2I IBIS World. 2011. Child Care Services in Australia. Retrieved April 7 2017 from https://g8education.edu.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/1.4.11-IBISWorld-Baby-steps-Revenue-bounces-back-while-profits-remain-small.pdf Lamb, M.E. 2014. Child Care in Context: Cross-cultural Perspectives. Psychology Press. Marrison, T. 2009. Digital Technology and Computers in Child Care. Retrieved April 7 2017 from https://ncac.acecqa.gov.au/educator-resources/pcf-articles/Digital_computers_and_technology_Mar09.pdf New, R.S. Cochran, M. 2007. Early Childhood Education: The countries. Greenwood Publishing Group. OECD. 2010. OECD Economic Surveys: Australia 2010. OECD Publishing. Smith, R. et al. 2012. Contemporary Politics in Australia: Theories, Practices and Issues. Cambridge University Press. Zimmerman, A. Blythe, J. 2013. Business to Business Marketing Management: A Global Perspective. Routledge.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Ethics in Social Science Research free essay sample

Through this subject, the student will know ow to analyze the data, and translating research findings into academic writing. However in order to have a good research paper, we should not Just focus on the elements above. The characteristics of a good research paper in social science are defined as characteristics based on scientific principles and also ethics. The scientific characteristics are an explanation, prediction, pattern, repetition, replication and quantification. In addition, general characteristics such as objectivity, legality is also important for research. All good research paper must have adhere values or code of thics. The ethics is very important in social science research. But before we move on to the importance of ethics in social science research, it is much better if we can understand what a research is actually, what the ethics is and what means by ethics in research. Then, we will see why ethics is important in research. We will write a custom essay sample on Ethics in Social Science Research or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Oxford Compact English Dictionary defines research as the systematic investigation into and study of materials, and sources, in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions. ODEC, 1996). While Graziano and Raulin (1996) define research more imply as a systematic search for information as well as a research process. Brew (2001) even has listed several definitions to be in accordance with the purpose of research itself. First, research is a search for something and disseminating to the public. Second, research complements the way the production, testing and validation ot knowledge. Third, it is a systematic process ot research, general interest that contributed to the collection of knowledge which form and providing the academic and practical. Fourth, research is an extension of knowledge and understanding. Besides, research also known as a voyage of discovery or a Journey or ovement from the known to unknown; an attitude; and experience; a method of critical thinking; a careful critical enquiry in seeking facts for principles. It is also considered as the art of scientific investigation. A research is scientific and systematic search for pertinent information on a specific topic. It is also a process of arriving at dependable solutions to problems through the planned and systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of data. There are many terms of research such as, research technique, research method and research methodology. Research technique is a behavior and instruments used in research operations. While research method is behavior and instruments used in selecting and constructing technique or a range of approaches used to gather data. Research methodology is a science of studying how research is done scientifically.Ethics are something that cannot be separated from humans life. The most common way of defining ethics is norms for conduct that distinguish between acceptable and unacceptable behavior. While most people think ethics or morals as the rules for distinguishing between right and wrong, such as the Golden Rule (Do unto others as you would have them do unto you), a code of professional conduct like the Hippocratic Oath (First of all, do no harm), a religious creed like the Ten Commandments (Thou Shalt not kill ), or a wise aphorisms like the sayings of Confucius. Another way of defining ethics focuses on the disciplines that study standards of conduct, such as philosophy, theology, law, psychology, or sociology. For example, a medical ethicist is someone who studies ethical standards in medicine. One may also define ethics as a method, procedure, or perspective for deciding how to act and for analyzing complex problems and issues. For instance, in considering a complex issue like global warming, one may take an economic, cological, political, or ethi cal perspective on the problem. While an economist might examine the cost and benefits of various policies related to global warming, an environmental ethicist could examine the ethical values and principles at stake. All research must ensure that the methods, content and purpose of the research do not violate the code of ethics, norms and universal values such as religion. If a study fulfills all of the features and scientific but less ethical principles of research, of course it is considered as less good research paper. For xample, a research or attempts to manipulate people play god as the human clone. Ethical aspect of a research has been highlighted and the understanding of ethics in research also nas changed From the time immediately atter World War II until t early 1990s, there was a gradually developing consensus about the key ethical principles that should underlie the research endeavor. Among others, there are two marker events stand out as symbolic of this consensus. The Nuremberg War Crimes Trial following World War II brought to public view the ways German scientists had used captive human subjects as subjects in oftentimes gruesome experiments. In the 1950s and 1960s, the Tuskegee Syphilis Study involved the withholding of known effective treatment for syphilis from African-American participants who were infected. Events like these forced the reexamination of ethical standards and the gradual development of a consensus that potential human subjects needed to be protected from being used as guinea pigs in scientific research. 3 By the 1990s, the dynamics of the situation changed. Many scientists began taking into consideration the ethics of their research. This pattern also happens to the society. Cancer patients nd persons with AIDS fought publicly with the medical research establishment about the long time needed to get approval for and complete research into potential cures for fatal diseases. In many cases, it is the ethical assumptions of the previous thirty years that drive this go-slow mentality. After all, we would rather risk denying treatment for a while until we achieve enough confidence in a treatment, rather than run the risk of harming innocent people (as in the Nuremberg and Tuskegee events). This pattern shows that scientist realised that ethics is an important aspect of doing a research. But what the purpose are and why is ethics important in social science research? There are several reasons why it is important to adhere to ethical norms in research. First, ethics promote the aims of research such as knowledge, truth, and avoidance of error. For example, prohibitions against fabricating, falsifying, or misrepresenting research data promote the truth and avoid error. For example, the following case: The research protocol for a study of a drug on hypertension requires the administration of the drug at different doses to 50 laboratory mice, with chemical nd behavioural tests to determine toxic effects. Tom has almost finished the experiment for Dr. Q. He has only 5 mice left to test. However, he really wants to finish his work in time to go to Florida on spring break with his friends, who are leaving tonight. He has injected the drug in all 50 mice but has not completed all of the tests. He therefore decides to extrapolate from the 45 completed results to produce the 5 additional results. Many different research ethics policies would hold that Tom has acted unethically by fabricating data. If this study were sponsored by a federal agency, such as the NIH, is actions would constitute a form of research misconduct, which the government defines as fabrication, falsification, or plagiarism (or FFP). Actions that nearly all researchers classify as unethical are viewed as misconduct. It is important to remember, however, that misconduct occurs only when researchers intend to deceive: honest errors related to sloppiness, poor record keeping, miscalculations, bias, selt-deception, and even negligence do not constitute misconduct. Also, reasonable disagreements about research methods, procedures, and interpretations do not constitute research misconduct. Second, since research often involves a great deal of cooperation and coordination among many different people in different disciplines and institutions, ethical standards promote the values that are essential to collaborative work, such as trust, accountability, mutual respect, and fairness. For example, many ethical norms in research, such as guidelines for authorship, copyright and patenting policies are designed to protect intellectual property interests while encouraging collaboration. Most researchers want to receive credit for their contributions and do not want to have their ideas stolen or disclosed prematurely. Third, many of the ethical norms help to ensure that researchers can be held accountable and useful to the public. For instance, federal policies on research misconduct, conflicts of interest, the human subjects protections, and animal care and use are necessary in order to make sure that researchers who are funded by public money can be held accountable to the public. 8 For example, the following case: Dr. T has Just discovered a mathematical error in a paper that has been accepted for publication in a Journal. The error does not affect the overall results of his research, but it is potentially misleading. The Journal has Just gone to press, so it is too late to catch the error before it appears in print. In order to avoid embarrassment, Dr. T decides to ignore the error. Dr. Ts error is not misconduct nor is his decision to take no action to correct the error. Most researchers, as well as many different policies and codes, including ECUs policies, would say that Dr. T should tell the Journal about the error and consider publishing a correction or errata. Failing to publish a correction would be unethical because it would violate norms relating to honesty and objectivity in research. In fact, the information may be used by the public and it will have an adverse effect because they receive incorrect information. Fourth, ethical norms in research also help to build public support for research. People more likely to fund research project if they can trust the quality and integrity of research. Finally, many of the ethics of research promote a variety of other important moral and social values, such as social responsibility, human rights, animal welfare, compliance with the law, and health and safety. Ethical lapses in research can significantly harm human and animal subjects, students, and the ublic. For example, a researcher who fabricates data in a clinical trial may harm or even kill patients and a researcher who fails to abide by regulations and guidelines relating to radiation or biological safety may Jeopardize his health and safety or the health and safety of staff and students. 0 Besides, wherever possible, the investigation should inform all participants of the objectives of the investigation. No pressure should be exerted on people either to take part or to remain in an investigation. A fair explanation of the procedures to be followed and their purposes hould be given, as well as a description of the attendant discomforts, risks or benefits reasonably to be exer ted, if any. ll In addition, ethics is also important to ensure that nobody will get harm. Clearly, there is a risk of harm involved for participants who take part in many kinds of research, not Just biomedical or health research but also in social science research. Harms resulting from participating in research may be physical, social, psychological, emotional, financial or legal. Physical harms might include side ettects trom being given a drug tor which li ttle intormation is known or being given a well-known drug for a new use. Most physical harms arise in biomedical research but there may be experimentation in social sciences that involve risk of physical harm. Social harms may include having something about a participant, as a result, being embarrassed or marginalized by the exposure of these views, opinions or attributes. Psychological or emotional harms may result from being deceived in research or from being asked to recall or recount traumatic or difficult experiences without adequate preparation or counsel. Financial harms may come from having participants employment security placed in Jeopardy because of participation in a research study. Legal harms may result from the exploration or exposure of participants involvement in illegal practices. 2 Many research projects in the social science and humanities are what we would classify as being minimal risk of harm. That does not mean, however, that we should then not attend to risk of potential harms that do exist. As always, risk of harm should be considered in a contextual manner. Moreover, risk of harm must be considered against the potential for benefit to individuals and society in a ll types of research. Finally, noting that risk of harm will always be present and to some degree, uncertain, the burden rests with he researcher, alongside REBs, to put strategies in place to mitigate potential harms and minimize risks.

Tuesday, April 14, 2020

How Using a Music Essay Sample Can Help You Be a Better Writer

How Using a Music Essay Sample Can Help You Be a Better WriterThe importance of using a music essay sample in your writing is great. This is because, you can also benefit from this if you have an idea and have not practiced your writing skills yet. A music essay sample can help a writer to practice and improve their writing skills, as well as learning about how to compose and write an essay.It is important to know that a music essay sample is best to use when you are trying to write an essay that is more advanced. A music essay sample will enable you to understand the steps that are involved in composing a song or composing an essay. This can greatly aid in the creation of a good essay that is worth reading.You will find that there are many music essay samples available online. Most of them contain essays, but sometimes, they will also contain some musical pieces that can be used for your own benefit. You will be able to find a sample that is suitable for what you are writing, such a s rock, poetry, or non-fiction.If you have a theme or topic that you are writing about, using a music essay sample can help to make your writing more appealing. The essay sample can help you form an outline of your essay. This can make it easier for you to keep track of your thoughts so that you can work your way through your ideas.Many writers who have written essays, are able to see improvements when they use the sample. They are able to move their ideas forward, which allows them to be more successful when they are writing an essay. Writing an essay is often the hardest part of the writing process, but when it is written using a music essay sample, you will feel more confident about the way you express yourself.Essays are usually written in a linear fashion. If you are writing an essay using a music essaysample, then it can help you to be able to change topics. You can also be able to modify the essay to be more interesting.When you are writing an essay, it is important to rememb er that you should write in a methodical manner. Keep your essay interesting, and make sure that you write it in a manner that is organized. This will help you to be able to focus on what you are writing about.For those who are not familiar with a great teacher or lecturer, finding a sample of their work can be very helpful. It can help you better understand how they do things, and how you can write better. Having a music essay sample can greatly help a student to become a better writer.